Kelli Clifton's skin analysis - what is causing her redness?
Updated: Apr 24, 2020
This week was my first Instagram live video, with enormous help from Kelli Clifton!
Kelli is a client of Lucent Skin and Beauty, our brand ambassador and has been helping us with social media brand awareness.
Her skin concerns are persistent redness, dullness and a rough texture. Her eye area also sometimes feels swollen. We definitely want to find some solutions for Kelli!
Redness is a common cause for concern, and its important to accurately assess the cause in order to achieve effective results. Unfortunately, there are several inflammatory skin conditions that can be difficult to diagnose, not to mention how easy it can be to simply put redness or flushing down to sensitivity.
Couperose and Rosacea are two skin conditions that can present similarly with redness, but are actually different.
What is Couperose?
Couperose is recognised by patches of facial redness, with visible red expanded blood capillaries. It’s very common in people with fine, thin skin where the capillary walls to the facial blood vessels become increasingly weak and visible. With increased blood flow e.g. during exercise, the blood vessels dilate to reduce heat however with Couperose the capillary walls are too weak to contract as normal, resulting in persistent redness or flushing of the skin.
What is Rosacea?
Rosacea is recognised by facial flushing, sometimes with visible papules. (small bumps/breakouts) This is primarily an inflammatory condition, often the sebaceous glands (oil glands of the skin) can become clogged, and bacteria can increase resulting in visible pimples. It’s developed usually between 30-60 years old and common after menopause, but can affect at any time. It is often genetic, and can progress in different stages.
Couperose can also develop into rosacea with in some cases. Both of these conditions are common and seen in millions of people.
A detailed consultation and assessment has determined that Kelli's skin is most likely in the very early stages of rosacea. The rough texture and dullness is due to a build up of dead skin cells, and possibly the tiny little bumps over the cheeks. The mild swelling/odema is due to the increased permeability of the capillaries. During times of stress, poor sleep, and absorption of stimulants (e.g. wine and coffee - two of Kelli's favourite consumables!), the redness can worsen. Wherever there is inflammation, there is almost certainly a decrease in the skins barrier function. This means the optimum pH can be affected, the skin can be dry/dehydrated, and the skin is more susceptible to bacteria.
There is also some sun damage which would automatically be something we would treat with both home care and in-salon treatment.
So, what do we need to do about this?
1.) Repair and maintain the skins barrier defence
2.) Reduce swelling
3.) Reduce inflammation in the upper and lower layers of the skin (epidermis and dermis)
4.) Reduce any sensitivity as the mast cells are often active (they make histamine)
5.) Gently improve skin cell turnover rate
6.) Control natural skin bacteria to reduce breakouts
How will we do this?
Daily Skin Care Routine:
Cleanse with a gentle, effective pH balanced cleanser twice a day, such as the Mesoestetic Facial Gel Cleanser. It has lactic acid in it which is gently exfoliating.
My go-to is the Mesoestetic Couperend Cream. It is a moisturiser to soothe, and its decongestant properties help minimise skin irritation by acting on the impaired perivascular structure. The Mesoestetic Glycorepair would be ideal to incorporate once the skin barrier function has been restored. This is a resurfacing gel with glycolic acid to revitalise dull skins.
The Mesoestetic Anti-Stress Mask is ideal to use as often as required. You can even go to sleep with this on. Its decongesting and anti-inflammatory properties provide much relief!
Protect from the sun with an effective, non-greasy spf50. The Mesoestetic Mineral Matt Anti-Aging Fluid is perfect! It has a formula based on physical filters to ensure extreme tolerance for sensitive and damaged skins. Its texture provides a powdery finish and it has anti-ageing benefits! Mesoestetic new sunscreens also protect against visible and infra-red light, in addition to UV light.
Once we know the skin barrier function is optimal and the skin is not having an active inflammatory response, we can look at some in-salon treatments using light peels with azelaic and salicylic acids. These will improve skin texture, stimulate new skin cell production to strengthen the skin, and allow for more radiance.
We also have the option to perform superficial micro-needling with actives such as centella asiatica and venofresh to repair the skin cells correct the capillary function.
Mesoestetic's Crystal Fibre Mask is a hero product to use after the peel! It's a sheet mask soaked with soluble collagen, and restructures the water/lipid layer. We can use our ultrasonic device over this mask for increased hydration of the skin.
I love using the rose quartz roller during a gentle massage or when the mask is on to decongest, cool and soothe the skin.
LED light therapy is perfect for additional skin healing, and I always advise no vigorous exercise for 24 hours post any skin treatment.
Other tips to consider:
- introducing probiotics as a daily supplement to improve and maintain gut health
- inflammation-reducing natural ingredients such as chamomile, green tea and turmeric are ideal to include in your diet
- keeping your face out of the sun
I can't wait to be able to get back to work and start seeing my clients again. Kelli, we are going to get you the clear, calm, radiant skin you are after!